Agricultural News and Gk Series- April-May 2017


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Farmers with the help of a fresh produce supply chain company and Karnataka government have managed to significantly increase their crop yields.

The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved their appointments, an order issued by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) said.

The increasing demand for organic vegetables, especially among urban residents, has convinced the state government to formulate the organic farming policy.

The Registrar of Geographical Indications Registry, Chennai, O P Gupta has accorded the registration following an application from Horticulture Commissioner, Andhra Pradesh

Punjab is likely to surpass 115 lakh tonnes of wheat compared to the last season's procurement figure of 104.44 lakh tonnes.

Despite being world’s fifth largest apple producer, India, with huge hidden potential, has become an important target market for US Apple sector, world’s second largest producer of the fruit after China.

The report adds that the overall Rabi oilseeds crop 2016-17 has increased by 18.53% to 91.76 lakh tones from 77.41 lakh tones last year.

Reeling off the numbers, the farmer said the cost of cultivating corn on two acres alone would run up to Rs 15,000.

The boost in farm income has been possible with the Trusts educating and training tribal households in small groups on maximising resources for getting higher agri-output.

The chairman, HAFED, Harvinder Kalyan, said that procurement of mustard seed at MSP of Rs 3,700 per quintal, was currently underway at 13 purchase centres in nine districts.

The chief minister said that it was for the first time that the farmers were also getting compensation for low yield.

Banana domestication took place in Kuk valley in New Guinea around 8,000 BCE and then spread to tropical countries. Because of its easy digestibility and high energy content, the fruit was grown in sugarcane plantations in Latin America and the Caribbean islands to be fed to labourers.

Some forecasting models indicate that El Niño will not develop at all while others say it will be weak.

The minister said that the farming community needs to adopt direct marketing of their products to increase their income.

If all the states adopt the Model Act, it will eventually lead the country towards a unified agricultural market with one trader licence and allow private players to set up wholesale markets by breaking the monopoly of traditional `mandis'.

Of the 11 lakh quintal tur procured in the country, Maharash tra has procured 4 lakh quintal, which is the high est in India.

The June-September monsoon rainfall this year is expected to be 96 per cent of the longterm average, with a 5 per cent error margin, the IMD said.

The government will take criminal action against traders who sold imported tur at government procurement centres.

“The agriculture growth rate of 4%, which we are expecting for 2016-17, will be maintained this year too,” India’s secretary for the farm ministry, Shobhana Pattanayak, said.

In its second estimate, the agriculture ministry had pegged a record wheat output of 96.64 MT for the current crop year (July-June) as against the actual output of 92.29 MT last year.

Although new destinations like Australia, Korea and New Zealand are coming up for export, India is still way behind Pakistan in the number game.

It would be a major agri-reform, if at least 15 BJP-ruled states adopt the new model law -- Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion and Facilitating) Act (APLM), 2017, as it provides wider options for farmers to sell produce and get better prices

The better performance has been attributed to higher prices in both the international and domestic markets in the second half of the year.

Swaminathan said new technologies were coming, which could be used to achieve the objective of food security but noted that this required concrete political intervention.

Banks will be told to ensure compulsory coverage of all eligible loanees and electronic transmission of premium on time, the official added.

The central government has allowed import of raw sugar till June 30 to make up for the fall in sugar production in Maharashtra and Karnataka.

The state govt has decided to help potato farmers shift their produce from markets where wholesale prices have crashed to as low as Rs 290 per quintal to other markets.

This kharif season the cotton acreage is expected to jump over four-lakh hectares in Punjab after two-years of consecutive decline in area due to extensive damage caused by whitefly.

The prices of guar seed May delivery contract on the NCDEX were up by 0.45% at Rs. 3,975 mainly due to short covering which indicates weak market.

FCI as well as state agencies undertake procurement operation at the MSP. They have set a target to buy 330 LT wheat this year as against 229.6 LT in 2016-17.

The output stood at 43.4 million tonnes in 2015-16 crop year (July-June), while last record was 48 million tonnes achieved in 2014-15.

Tractor loans account for 10% to 21% of the securitised pool in six of the 21 Fitch-rated asset backed securities transactions.

The American brokerage said the farm loan waivers are a "key risk" to the new fiscal deficit roadmap proposed by the NK Singh committee.

The government is also planning to restart five idle facilities owned by The Fertilizers Corp. of India and Hindustan Fertiliser Corp.

Fifty-five Indian companies have already confirmed participation in the agro-hub and more companies are showing interest, said an official from the agriculture department.

The global output was fuelled by increased wheat output in North America -by more than 10 million tonnes year on year -and increases in the Russian Federation and India.

There is widespread resentment among farmers because prices of commodities such as onions, vegetables, and pulses have fallen below the cost of production.

Incidents of standing wheat crop being burnt to cinder across hundreds of acres in Punjab and Haryana have come to light in the past 10 days, just ahead of the harvest.

The decision was made at a meeting on the ground water status and micro irrigation potential in Haryana headed by chief minister, Manohar Lal, here today.

Even the spurt in exports, which are set to touch record levels, driven by bumper production, failed to support farm gate prices.

In many state-regulated agricultural markets of major tur-producing states such as Maharashtra and Karnataka, prices have fallen to Rs 4,000 per quintal in some markets.

The field trials are conducted at various locations across the country including Ludhiana (Punjab), Hisar (Haryana) and Kota (Rajasthan).

The government has no plans to waive farm loans but there are schemes to reduce costs by timely repayment of the amount borrowed, the government said in Parliament today.

A maximum quantity of one lakh tonne of potato would be procured under the scheme by the state agency, said a press release issued by the ministry.

Nabard today reported a 4.24 per cent increase in its post tax net for 2016-17 at Rs 2,631 crore, and a 16.27 per cent expansion in its outstanding loans at Rs 3.08 trillion.

About 150 sugar mills crushed 372 lakh tonnes of sugarcane during the year, less than half the 743 lakh tonnes crushed in the previous year.

NSSO data shows that less than half of the small and marginal farmers in UP owe money to banks as most have taken loans from informal or non-institutional sources.

Tamil Nadu produced 8.41 million kg of tea in February, down 20 per cent from the year-earlier period, the Board said in a statement.

The state’s potato harvest this year (the tuber harvest typically begins in end-January and continues through February) has seen a 22% jump

Ragi (finger millet), the staple diet food of southern Karnataka was down from 7.88 lakh hectares in 2010-11 to 6.46 lakh hectares in 2012-13.

Despite the buoyancy in prices though, continuing cost pressures, with the increase in wage rates, are likely to keep the margins and debt coverage indicators under check.

While officials and ministers in the Yogi Adityanath government insist the "whole thing has been planned well", experts say the new BJP government will find it hard to bear the burden.

The minister said satellite technology will be used for land resource mapping, pesticide management, soil health mapping, crop yield estimation and for assessment of natural calamities.

The farmers who have insured their crops under the PMFBY would have to inform the insurance agencies through officials concerned about the loss within 48 hours.

NRSC will provide the required app and impart training to officials to facilitate uploading of photos of assets to the Bhuvan-RKVY platform.

The government has requested states to provide benefits of social and economic development and welfare schemes of central and state governments to all tea-growing areas.

The daily wage for tea workers is negotiated for a term of three years, a system prevailing since 1977. New negotiation began in Feb 2014 for the term ending on Mar 31, 2014.

Economists and govt officials said agri growth in the fertile plains of the state can gallop with effective steps and close coordination between the state govt and the Centre.

Wheat output to hit record high of 98 million tonnes despite soaring mercury
A bumper rabi production should ease the pressure on household budgets. A sudden increase in temperatures had raised fears that the wheat crop may take a hit.

Malaysian Palm Oil Council signs MoU with Mumbai Dabbawala & SEA
MoU covers the areas of cooperation between MPOC and MDA like educating consumers on the usage, nutritional and health properties of palm oil, disseminating information about Malaysian palm oil

Govt to revamp farm growth plan with ‘Raftaar’
The revamped plan will have strategies on how to do that. It will also introduce couple of more subschemes with additional funding to incentivise states,” said officials.

Growing food consumption across the globe and efforts by governments to boost agricultural trade in order to improve incomes of farmers has put increasing pressure on groundwater sources

Reference: The Economics Times


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